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Terminals on SCADA products and Raveon’s SCADA RTU Remote Autonomous Zone Node RAZN have many Input/Output capabilities.
This page describes all the types of terminals available on Raveon’s products with SCADA terminals and General Purpose IOs.

Input Output (IO) Terminal Block Descriptions

For SCADA Systems: Each product version of the RAZN and Raveon’s GPIO interfaces on radio modems has a variety of different inputs and output terminal block function pins with a myriad of different features available.

The Myriad of IO features the RAZN technology has is shown of  RAZN IO Terminal Versions web page.  Raveon’s RAZN versions have different IO features! All terminal blocks shown here are available in a RAZN.

Here is a description and diagrams of the IO terminals available on various RAZN terminal blocks and some Tech Series data radio modems. Modbus RTUs have IO terminals like this, and Raveon’s RTUs have these.

If you need some other terminal IO feature, contact Raveon and we will be glad to create new IO functions. If an IO pin has a Configuration variable, the letters is the name code code for the particular IO pin is how they are referred to and configured in commands.

All pins are heavily protected against noise and ESD and can be configured using commands in Command mode, or a program to program the RAZN.

The specifications listed here are typical specs for our products. Please look at the data sheet for the specific product you need accurate specifications for.

DI      Digital Input.

IOPIN:  A is the character to use to specify this type of GPIO

  • Max DC input Voltage: Vcc 3.3V std. 5V option.
  • “ON” DC input voltage Range (0.8 × Vcc) to Vcc
  • “OFF” DC input voltage Range 0V – (0.12 × Vcc)
  • Input Current:  ±2uA

DO      Digital Output.

IOPIN:  B is the character to use to specify this type of GPIO

  • Output “ON” voltage output: (0.9 × Vcc) to Vcc
  • Output “OFF” voltage output:  0V – 0.1V
  • Output impedance: 1000 ohm – 1200 ohm
  • Output current: 3mA max. The Res is 1K on normal DO.
  • CAP: 220pF      Res: 1K  Diodes for extra ESD protection.
  • VCC Voltage: Vcc 3.3V std. 5V option.

FIO     Flexible Digital Input / Output

IOPIN:  A(In) B(Out) is the character used to specify the IO mode

  • User configurable TTL digital IO pins configurable as In or Out.
  • Max DC input Voltage: Vcc
  • “ON” DC input voltage Range: (0.8 × Vcc) to Vcc
  • “OFF” DC input voltage Range: 0V – (0.12 × Vcc)
  • Input Current:  <2uA
  • CAP: 220pF      Res: 1K      Diodes for ESD protection.
  • Default IO mode from factory: A (digital Input).

FIOP     Flexible Digital Input / Output with Pullup option

IOPIN:  A(In) B(Out) is the character used to specify the IO mode

  • User configurable TTL digital IO pins configurable as In or Out.
  • Max DC input Voltage: Vcc
  • “ON” DC input voltage Range: (0.8 × Vcc) to Vcc
  • “OFF” DC input voltage Range: 0V – (0.12 × Vcc)
  • Input Current:  <2uA
  • CAP: 220pF      Res: 1K      Diodes for ESD protection.
  • Default IO mode from factory: A (digital Input).
  • 100K pull up resistor R(PU) can be enabled by CPU.

SV   Switched Voltage Output    Ac or DC input voltage switched by this output

IOPIN:  D is the character to use to specify this type of GPIO

  • AC or DC diverted input on VP and VPG.   SV is switched voltage out, and the output device shares the power source ground connection VPG.
  • Max DC input: 48VDC
  • Max AC input: 50VAC
  • Off state leakage current:  <2uA
  • Switch impedance when on: 30 mΩ – 50mΩ.
  • Turn on/off time:  <5mS:
  • Max. peak load current:     5.5A
  • Max. Continuous load current:         2.5A (AC)   4.5A (DC)

The RV-N55-3 RAZN has many SV options to control you pumps, valves, lights, or whatever, and it has button inputs to locally control also if needed.

SI   Switch Input.   BI   Button Input.

IOPIN:  S is the character to use to specify this type of GPIO

  • Input with pull-up resistor.  Button ON is when input is shorted to ground connection by a button.
  • Pull-up resistor R(PU):  2.4k
  • Input impedance:  2.4k
  • Max input voltage: 50V DC or AC
  • On Threshold: <1V
  • Off Threshold: >3.0V  or open circuit.
  • Current draw to short input to ground.  1mA.

BM   Button Monitor.

IOPIN:  S is the character to use to specify this type of GPIO

  • Input with large pull-up resistor.
  • Button ON is when input is shorted to ground connection by a button.
  • Button OFF is when input open circuit, not connects, button OPEN.
  • Pull-up resistor R(PU):  2.4k or
  • Max input voltage: 0-3.3V DC
  • On Threshold:  >2.8V and Open source input.
  • Off Threshold:  <.5V Connect BM to GND
  • Current draw to short input to ground.  1mA.

NF     Dual ON and OFF inputs.

IOPIN: N is the character to use to specify this type Dual Button ON / OFF input. When on is shorted to ground connection by a button or digital input.

 

Two buttons can be used to control one IO number. The dual inputs control On and OFF.

  • Inputs  with  2.4K  pull-up resistor.
  • NF+ shorted to GND turns an IO# ON.
  • BNF- shorted to GND turns and IO# OFF.
  • Pull-up resistor R(PU):  2.4k or
  • Max input voltage: 0-3.3V DC
  • On Threshold:  >2.8V and Open source input.
  • Off Threshold:  <.5V Connect BM to GND
  • Current draw to short input to ground.  1mA.

OIDI    Optically Isolated Digital Input

IOPIN:  A is the character to use to specify this type of GPIO

  • Max DC input Voltage:  Vdd+.1
  • “ON” DC input voltage Range: (0.9 × Vdd) to Vdd
  • “OFF” DC input voltage Range: 0 to (0.2 × Vdd)
  • Input Current:  < 10uA
  • CAP: 220pF      Res: 1K      Diodes for ESD protection.

OIDO     Optically Isolated Digital Output

IOPIN:  B(Out) is the character used to specify the GPIO mode

  • Output “ON” voltage output:  Vdd.
  • Output “OFF” voltage output:
  • Output impedance: 1-100 ohms
  • Maximum voltage driven into output: 3.3V std. 5V, 9V opt.
  • Max output current: 50mA (Per Pin)   150mA (total)
  • CAP: 220pF

LI    LED Optically Isolated Digital Input

IOPIN:  A(Out) is the character used to specify the GPIO mode

  • 2 inputs in LI a and B are digital input that will light up an internal LED to optically isolate the LIs
    from the microcontroller unit (MCU) that monitors these inputs.
  • Max input Voltage (A to B):  48V
  • “ON” DC input voltage Range:  >1.5V
  • “OFF” DC input voltage Range   <0.8V
  • Input Current:  (Vin-1.0)/1000

DA    Digital Action LED Input Driver

IOPIN:  is the character used to specify the GPIO mode

  • 2 inputs in DA a and the system GND is  digital input that will light up LED to isolate the DAs
    from the microcontroller unit (MCU) that monitors these inputs.
  • Max input Voltage (A to B):  48V
  • “ON” DC input voltage Range:  >1.5V
  • “OFF” DC input voltage Range   <0.8V
  • Input Current:  (Vin-1.0)/1000

DSD     Double acting Latching Solenoid Driver    Isolated from the product.

IOPIN:  H is the character to use to specify this type of IO. Control 2-pin Latching Solenoid.  It is  Fully Isolated. .
Power in on VP and VPG are used to switch Solenoids connected to DSD A and DSD B. Connect to DSD_A for positive turn-on pulsed signals.
Connect solenoid to DSD B  for the negative pin.

  • Max DC input:                                          48V
  • Max AC input:                                           50VAC
  • Switch impedances when on:               30 mΩ – 50mΩ
  • Off state leakage current:                      <2uA
  • Max Continuous load current:                 2.5A (AC) 4.5A (DC)
  • Max peak load current:                             5.5A
  • Isolation voltage:                           1500Vrms

AI    Analog Input.    Voltage input or 4-20mA current Input

IOPIN:  E (Volt) or F (Current) is the character to use to specify this type of GPIO

  • Input Configuration:  E: AIV (Voltage read)     F: AIC (Current Read)
  • E: Input impedance: 10K-15K
  • F: Input Impedance: 120 ohm
  • A to D resolution: 12 bit
  • Input Measurement Accuracy:  2%.
  • Input Sampling Time: 50mS – 2S configurable.
  • Smoothing: Selectable averaging: 1-8 samples.
  • Maximum Input voltage:  5V  R1 can be changed.
  • Temperature stability:  <  ±30 PPM/ºC

ADS   Analog Delta-Sigma Differential ADC

This is ultra high resolution ADC.  Analog inputs with differential voltage or current measurement.
(V or 4-20mA). 24bit high resolution ADC with configurable voltage levels.
Most products also have a current output option to use this to measure resistance, temperatures, or whatever.

IOPIN:  E (Volt) is the character to use to specify this type of GPIO

  • AP is Positive differential input
  • AN is Lower differential input
  • AC is mid-input Common voltage
  • Input Range Options: ±1V, ±5V, ±10V ±20V.
  • Input noise:  < 0.01uV.
  • Input Impedance: < 1mΩ
  • Usable Temperature: –40°C to +120°
  • ADC model: TI SBAS790C

IAI  Isolated Analog Input     Read Voltage or 4-20mA Signal

This is totally Isolated ADC input.   Analog inputs with voltage or current measurement.
(V or 4-20mA). 12bit ADC with configurable voltage levels.
IAI input and the IGND ground are both Isolated from the RAZN power and board.

  • A to D resolution: 12 bit
  • Input Measurement Accuracy:  2%.
  • Input Sampling Time: 50mS – 2S configurable.
  • Smoothing: Configurable averaging: 1-8 samples.
  • Maximum Input voltage:  5V   R1 can be changed.
  • Max isolated differential voltage to GND:  100V TBVD.
  • Temperature stability:  <  ±30 PPM/ºC

IADC  Current Ouput

IOPIN:  G  The RAZN will output current out this pin, to drive a sensor or resistor. 

The level of output current is configurable, and the ADS or AI terminals can be used to
measure the voltage on the thing connected to this IADC current output terminal.

Max Current: See the manual 3000uA(N55-7)
Output Impedance:  See the manual.

IDAC  Optical Isolated Current Output

IOPIN:  IDAC2  will output current out this pin, to drive a sensor or resistor.  IDAC1 is current input looped from #2,
The level of output current is configurable, and the ADS or AI terminals can be used to
measure the voltage on the thing connected to this IDAC current output terminal.

Max Current: See the manual 3000uA(N55-7)
Output Impedance:  See the manual.

RD   Relay Driver

A rugged MOSFET transistor is controlled by the RAZN to connect things to ground (GND).
Connecting relays, LEDs, lights, sirens, motors, or whatever can turn them ON when their GND pin is connect to ground via the RD.

The RD pin shorts to GND when this terminal is turned ON.  ON is digitally a one (1), so set this terminal to 1 or ON to have the MOSFET connect RD to GND.
If off, or 0, then the RD is open, not connected to anything.  A protection diode is on the RD pin to reduce noise from turning coils on and off.

Max DC input Voltage:  30
On Current: 10A Max, 2A continuous.
Fail Safe:  Configurable relay state for power on and no data connection.
Impedance to ground when on:  <50mΩ.
Drain current when off:  <2uA
Output capacitance: <200pF

VI   Voltage Input

An Analog to Digital voltage Converter (ADC) is connected to an IO terminal pin with resistors that turn down the voltage so Large voltage can be measured.

Input impedance: 10K-15K
A to D resolution: 16 bit.
Smoothing: Selectable averaging: 1-8 samples.

Temperature stability:  better than ±30 PPM/ºC

VO   Voltage Output 
Voltage output, ground connection to product ground. 

  • VO Output: 0-5V standard.
  • Voltage Precision: 16 bit DAC, <1.1%
  • Noise Output: <0.050V.
  • Output impedance: <22 ohms.
  • Usable Temperature: –40°C to +120°
  • Thermal Stability:  < 2% error -30C to +80C

VP    Diverted Voltage Power Output from DC product power Input

VP is output DC voltage for you to use. DC input power to power the RAZN is passed out the VP pin.
A MOSFET transistor switches VP voltage on or off.
You can setup how and when to turn this on, or have it always on..

Switch: MOSFET P
Voltage out:  VDD same as DC input powering product.
GND:  Same ground as product’s ground. Not isolated

VP  Diverted Voltage Power Output from DC input

VP is output DC voltage for you to use efficient power. DC input power to power the RAZN is passed out to the VP pin.
A MOSFET transistor switches VP voltage on or off. You can setup how and when to turn this on, or have it always on. 

Switch: MOSFET P
Voltage out:  VDD same as DC input powering product.
GND:  Same ground as product’s ground. Not isolated.

Use this to turn on your sensor when you want it on, and save power by having it turn off when the sensor or thing does not need to be on.

These terminals can be connected to sensors to save Boats, Ships, Green Houses, Forests, and many things in remote areas.
This application note explains how to save Boats, Green Houses, Forests, and many places:  AN251_Enviromental_Monitoring (pdf)
using Raveon’s Remote Autonomous Zone Node (RAZN) can connect your network remotely to sensors and Autonomously control outputs to save things.

For SCADA Systems, Raveon has many wireless technologies.  The Remote Autonomous Zone Node (RAZN) is a wireless RTU with all the IO features listed here.

Raveon’s Engineering Services like to design SCADA products the way you would like them.

Raveon’s Engineering Services are available to you to design the perfect hardware, software, and communication device for your system.
If you need any custom IO interfaces on an RTU or Data Radio link, Raveon can design and build it for you.

List of Remote Autonomous Zone Node (RAZN) With these IOs
Versions Created by Raveon.

RTUs with PLC features.

RV-N55-3   AUTOMATED PERIPHERAL CONTROL
Button Inputs, switched voltage outputs.

RV-N55-5  ISOLATED IOS AND SOLENOID DRIVERS
Many 2-pin solenoid drivers, and IO features.

RV-N55-7  SCADA and Telemetry GPIOs
Ultra high resolution 4-20mA and voltage sensors and GPIOs.

RV-N55-9  ISOLATED GPIOs
Solenoid drivers, 4-20mA monitoring, and GPIO features.

Each of these RAZN versions have many similar version with various IO and interface features.
All can communicate with Ethernet, Data Radios, and or RS-485.

The utilize MODBUS RTU and MODBUS TCP communication to work as RTUs.
Each RAZN can Logically Control itself or others over long-range wireless systems.

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